Huichol - Wikipedia
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The roof is pitched and pyramid shaped built with wood and tile, and its facade is made of stone and brick with little ornamentation. It contains a series of arches supported by Tuscan columns.
These protests are generally accompanied by lines of riot police. The first stone was laid in by Francisco Marroqui, then Bishop of Guatemala. The monastery was finished in The interior has a pulpit carved of wood and covered in gold leaf. The walls are covered in Baroque altarpieces includes those dedicated to the Holy Trinity. The main facade of this church is designed as an altarpiece with two levels, a central bell tower and Tuscan columns and pilasters.
Its design is derived from the Baroque that developed in LimaPeru. There is also a notable sculpture of Saint James on horseback.
The Museo de la Historia de la Ciudad covers the history of the city until the 19th century. Of this collection, the two most important pieces are some petals of a pomegranate flower, from a receptacle for the Host in the Cathedral.
It is one of the most important works of Chiapas silversmithing. The rest of the piece has been lost. The other is a part of the original choir seating of the same Cathedral. The structure was built as part of a seminary inbut it became the home of Frans Blom and Gertrude Duby Blom in the 20th century. Franz was an explorer and archeologist and Gertrude was a journalist and photographer.
The couple spent over fifty years in Chiapas collecting tools, crafts, archeological pieces and clothing, especially related to the Lacandon Jungle and people. There are also magazine and sound libraries as well as the old chapel which contains colonial era religious art. The back of the structure contains a botanical garden. The church entrance has a massive wooden door with wrought iron hinges and fastenings. There are very few windows and those that exist are built to allow muskets to fire on attackers.
The entire structure is built with extensions and abutments to provide for interlocking fields of fire.
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Entry to the fortifications is denied as too dangerous. At the foot of the column, there are two lions symbolizing Spanish domination. Inside, the walls have carved wood panels and a Neoclassical altar which has been recently restored. In the colonial period, the convent and church served as one of the main entrances into the city.
This arch is in pure Moorish style, with three levels of decoration. It has serious economic and social problems including access to basic services, with many homes lacking electricity, running water and drainage. Education levels are very low with high levels of illiteracy, but are relatively equal between men and women. In towns, houses vary in construction material and style.
The number of rooms varies from one to several. Furniture depends on family income. Most weaving is done in the patio area because of the hot climate.
Most of these do not have running water, drainage or electricity. Generally, these families have more than one house, each having a specific function. The kitchen areas have a fireplace, table and chairs and places to store dishes and cooking utensils. Other tools can also be stored here. Somewhere in the house there is an altar with Catholic images for family prayer. There is usually a backyard for domestic animals and ornamental plants.
Many of these structure do not have electricity and use candles for light. There are still land disputes between indigenous and mestizo groups. Historically, the Amuzgos have suffered loss of lands by the Spanish and mestizos, who often side against the Amuzgos.
There is also emigration to the United States, especially to California, North Carolina and other areas on the east coast. Those women who leave generally go to cities such as AcapulcoChilpancingo and Mexico City to work as maids.
Amuzgos - Wikipedia
Very recently this has also included receiving remittances from those working outside the region. About forty four percent of Amuzgos are dedicated to agriculture and livestock, with forty two percent dedicated to handcrafts and other industry and just over twelve percent dedicated to commerce and services. Sixty-three percent of Amuzgo women do not perform work that produces income, compared to only two percent of men.
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Important crops include corn, beans, sesame seed, hibiscussquash, chili pepperstomatoes, cotton and cacao. One significant source of cash is selling products to the mostly mestizo city of Ometepec. These include other crops such as oranges, mameysugar cane, jicama along with manufactured products such as cheese, piloncillo, textiles and fireworks.Aprende Tsotsil
Men are in charge of most agricultural duties, with women participating in this during certain times such as harvesting. In Xochistlahuaca, machetes are made with etchings related to the culture of the region. Everyone in the family participates in some kind of handcraft production, divided by gender. Girls are taught to weave and sew cloth and boys learn to weave nets and hammocks.
The best-known craft, however, is the weaving of cloth by Amuzgo women, especially in Xochistlahuaca as it is often sold to vendors outside the region. Girls begin learning to weave when they are about six or seven years old starting with tasks such as preparing cotton for spinning.
Most learn the basics of weaving on the backstrap loom by the time they are eleven or twelve, then learn to do basic stitching of huipils and embroidery. Those with talent may move on to more elaborate designs apprenticing to a master outside the home. Many of the works of these weavers are meant for sale. The catalog is the first of its kind for this culture.
Today, the most complicated designs are generally known only to the oldest weavers. The most traditional cotton for weaving is called "coyuche" or "coyote" because of its brown color. With the building of roads in the Huichol Zone in the last ten years, new influences are impacting the social fabric of the Huichol. Where mules, horses and burros used to be the main forms of transport, trucks are becoming more prominent, importing food, medicines and beer.
Although this of course can be beneficial, it was also degrading to the culture as a whole. Inthe Huichols continued to live isolated lives very traditionally in every aspect, but since this contact from within their own country, they have had to adapt and change to be more modern. Most Huichols retain the traditional beliefs and are resistant to change.
The "Huichol think that two opposed cosmic forces exist in the world: The Sun itself has a "heart" that is its forerunner. The bird came out of the underworld and placed a cross on the ocean.
Father Sun was born, climbed up the cross, The wind carried her to the top of a mountain, which was given to her as a dwelling". Our Mother Dove Girl, who was also mother of the boy who became the Sun. Huichol practices seem to reflect pre-Columbian practices particularly accurately.
These rituals involve singing, weeping, and contact with ancestor spirits. The Huichols assume roles of gods along the trail that they usually take by foot. Upon arrival in Wirikuta, the hunt begins and the first cactus that is found is shared among everyone. Then they harvest enough peyote for the year since they only make the trip one time every year.