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It decreases anxiety [ Reports from smokers associating smoking to feelings of anxiety, anger and loneliness are common. For this reason, the cigarette achieves a meaningful social status in the life of these people, as a companion, a source of pleasure and a way to relieve daily tensions. I feel awful, I feel the cigarette is finishing me up and outside I see myself blurred, my skin is awful.
I look myself in the mirror and I feel awful Reports about the effects of tobacco use as the triggering agent in the aging process are identified in literature,22 above all when evidence are originated from the comparison between smoker and non-smoker individuals.
The individuals feel the effects of aging due to the use of tobacco, especially due to the fact that the age bracket in this study is more advanced and due to the long term habit of smoking, its effects are cumulative and more appearing. This way, the OG as an educational and care technology has made way to the opportunity of following up the effects felt during tobacco cessation.
As the individuals reduced nicotine intake, the symptoms of abstinence were experienced and discussed in the group setting. Another cigarette disuse effect on these research individuals was weight alterations and increased appetite: I am eating a lot, gaining weight [ Increased calories intake is related to a better perception of taste and odors, associated to the feeling of anxiety caused by the substance deprivation.
However, a considerable part of participants under treatment present compulsive eating during the tobacco cessation process. This way, there may be a risk of developing eating disorders while or a little after tobacco cessation. For that reason, weight gain is among the reasons for recurrences and due to this fact, special care must be driven to this complaint. My mind keeps thinking about the time to smoke, I get anxious about the time to smoke [ My desire to smoke is so much that if someone lights a cigarette next to me, I will take the cigarette from him [ I was in a strong agony [ Some individuals associate it to an increase in the need for sleeping and some individuals relate it to insomnia.
If I don't smoke, I can't sleep [ If I don't smoke I feel very sleepy [ The day I stopped smoking I started to wake up at night [ I feel very sleepy and when I smoke, it runs through my veins and I feel better [ Individuals in this research related the use and disuse of tobacco to alterations in their sleeping patterns.
Tobacco use interference is associated to insomnia and sleep fragmentation according to the dose of tobacco taken. However, the effects are larger among those who are under the use of tobacco than on those who are under abstinence.
When I am not smoking, I feel difficulties in typing and concentrating [ I didn't smoke and went to my course, and I couldn't assimilate anything [ Difficulties to start and keep one's attention for long periods of time is an important nicotine abstinence symptom, as it hinders performing routinely activities and upsets those who are trying to restrict the amount of tobacco intake.
It's very hard not to smoke in the morning [ The afternoon period is the most difficult for me because I go to sleep at midnight [ The abstinence syndrome is distinguished by a compound of symptoms that are gathered in many different ways and presents variable severances. This syndrome occurs when under the relative or absolute abstinence of a psychoactive substance that has been consumed for a prolonged period. The beginning and evolution of the syndrome are limited in time and depend on the dose and the category of the substance consumed before the consumption cessation or reduction.
This condition determines a certain consumption profile and identifying it among tobacco users might enable actions and strategies for coping with the problem. Another discussion revisited by individuals was that tobacco consumption is opportunistic in all situations, whether good or bad, masking the real dimension of the problem. I am putting the blame of not quitting on my grandson's absence [ We think the cigarette solves problems, but it is an illusion, it doesn't help at all [ As contextualized in the prior subcategory, the relationship with the cigarette as a friend and simultaneously as an enemy assumes a contradictory meaning for tobacco users who see it as a source of pleasure and support.
Under another point of view, it is also a source of social and human damage. Regarding this last issue, the negative points are the low social tolerance to smokers and health complications. It is difficult to quit smoking in an environment filled with smokers and my job is in a bar [ I can't take it anymore, if there is a person smoking next to me, I have to smoke [ Regarding the decisions regarding interrupting cigarette use, work environments are presented as the factor favoring or abolishing the desire for tobacco consumption.
Hence, it is presented as an item that deserves higher attention in implementing tobacco free environment policies. I am very anxious, when I'm working I don't smoke, but I feel like going home to smoke, mostly because I live by myself [ I was concerned about a party, I couldn't take it and I smoked [ Reports about anxiety are frequent in medical-psychological follow-ups on people who intend to stop smoking, representing a relevant comorbidity for the planning and effectuation of the tobacco cessation process.
This later, originated from new structures in which the person is presented as hesitant due to a lack of instruments in coping with the new situation. The process is analyzed by the interplay of OG roles, the emersion of the representative of anxiety, between the depositary, o depositor and deposited, which is the content of anxiety.
It represents a movement of learning, as within the OG there is a possibility of exploring experiences, affections, knowledge around tobacco use, feelings, and practice in the individual and group setting, in face of the problem involving health issues and its psychic, social, economic and environmental reach. While learning, the association between nicotine dependence and alcohol consumption emerged.
When I drink, I smoke more [ Some chemical substances work as triggers to the use of other substances. This present study emphasized the association between problem alcohol consumption and tobacco use.
Moreover, within the learning process, individuals worked the factors that converged into their starting to smoke, as adolescence, curiosity, copying behaviors, rebellion, independence image, among others. The biggest problem lies on the adolescence, when we are young we don't think we can become addicted, we don't think about the disease, we have no notion of the danger [ Adolescence is presented as the stage of life that holds higher influence vulnerability and the search for self-assurance.
Group discussions were pertinent for behavioral changes. This phenomenon was observed by means of coping strategies expressions for the alteration in tobacco consumption patterns by reducing consumption and by the challenges for the materialization of these measures. Regarding the attempts on postponing the use, we emphasize: I walk, take a shower, drink coffee and only after all this I smoke the first cigarette [ I have the first cigarette around 8 o'clock.
I smoke the first cigarette at 10, the second one after lunch [ Among the strategies of tobacco cessation while the treatment, group postponing is one of the chosen methods to mitigating anxiety.
Guidelines on the strategies to replace smoking represented a significant moment during the group session, as they offered participants the possibility of coping with abstinence and, gradually, substitute the cigarette by something healthier. Hence adhesion to treatment situations was observed: I use a candy; it helps me with the craving for smoking [ Among the aspects that can help on tobacco cessation, family support and from the closest people stand out mitigating the risk factors during the process.
The religious factor was also seen as important during tobacco cessation, configuring a protection and strengthening factor for staying abstinent. The church helps me a lot, I don't even remember about the cigarette [ Compliance to religious patterns includes a compound of values, behaviors and social practices that culminate in the acceptance or refusal of the use of alcohol and other drugs.
The support and ability of health teams also stimulate the interruption of consumption, and may determine if the smoker stays under treatment and feels motivated to enjoy the benefits originated from tobacco cessation. I remember I am in the group and I decrease cigarette consumption [ The motivation of smokers in tobacco cessation is part of a psychological process; therefore the role of health professionals is to accelerate and keep it, contributing for more health promotion and grievances prevention related to tobacco.
The phenomenon named as belonging, or a sense of belonging to a certain group, strengthens each one's purposes in favor of a common objective. As one of the motivations for the individuals in this study to smoking cessation is the improvement of health, building a broaden concept of health becomes necessary. A concept that goes beyond the promotion of health, policies and the healthy environment entities, and is the acknowledgement of social, economic, political, and cultural aspects.
These are all determining factors in the health-disease process. The experiment explored the context of tobacco use and the determining factors during tobacco cessation, and also the means of coping with this complex condition. The relevant point was the quality achievements represented by the learning of participants.
Individuals demonstrated changes represented by the cigarette conception, revisiting their own life process related to the consumption and, under a critical reading, built the project of changes and adjustment of the stereotyped behavior. What once was a self-destructive dependence became the motivation for self-care and coping with anxiety. A condescending and new factor was the concern of smokers with environmental pollution caused by cigarettes; the pollution occurring since the moment of production, by deforestation, until the moment of consumption, reducing the quality of air within environments.
The group presented a distinguished character for being composed mainly by people from 50 to 60 years of age; experienced individuals with a differentiated view of tobacco as they already present the consequences of consumption or as they have already experienced having family members or friends who had health damages. This factor can be a limiting factor for the research, therefore more studies are recommended with the use of OG on the Tobacco Control Program PNCT for future interactions.
Individuals from 15 to 44 years of age voluntarily participated; they could not be under the influence of alcohol or hallucinogenic substances and showed no signs of physical or mental conditions that would hinder their being part of the project.Whitney Houston - I Will Always Love You (Official Music Video)
According to Resolution of ,13 this study was considered free of risk. Sampling and sample size. Participant selection was made from a two-stage quota sampling. The primary sampling unit or conglomerates were the socio-economic levels for the city of Tunja according to the Department of National Statistics DANE, for the term in Spanish. Ten percent was added for possible losses. The final sample size corresponded to individuals.
Operative group technology applied to tobacco control program
Techniques and instruments for information gathering. The survey was applied in guided manner: The information was condensed in a database elaborated in the Microsoft Word Excel program and subjected to double verification. In total, surveys were analyzed and 13 were eliminated due to errors while filling them out.
Univariate and bivariate analyses were conducted through the Epi info program version 3. Protection of the population from tobacco smoke in the environment Protect. A total of The frequency tobacco use observed in places where Legislation of bans said use was higher in places of mass influx like fairs, festivals, and concerts The frequency of individuals who smoked their tobacco product in places where the legislation bans said use was higher during events of mass influx like fairs, festivals, and concerts Upon inquiring on the conduct of society regarding smoking in spaces banned by the Legislation, it was found that only Offer help to quit tobacco Offer.
Warnings on the dangers of tobacco Warn. Information in communication media alluding to the dangers of tobacco use observed by those surveyed was greater on television, billboards, banners and posters Health warnings included in cigarette packs were observed by Publicity, promotion, and sponsorship of tobacco products Enforce.
The broadcast media where a higher percentage of publicity and promotion appeared for the use of tobacco products were public places like grocery stores, restaurants, and bars Thirty-one percent of the participants observed some form of cigarette promotion, with free samples as the most common form.
Knowledge regarding smoking and Legislation of It also reflects knowledge of the harmful effects of tobacco; however, the use of this substance shows considerable prevalence. The results provide useful evidence to reinforce and favor making decisions aimed at creating and enhancing strategies to prevent this important public health problem in the city of Tunja.
The study permitted identifying tobacco use, the situation of control measures established through the MPOWER plan, and knowledge regarding smoking and Legislation of in individuals from 15 to 44 years of age from the city of Tunja in through which the following aspects were analyzed: The prevalence of tobacco use found in this study was higher than the departmental prevalence for this same age group.
Nevertheless, this prevalence must be considered in directing public health strategies in the city of Tunja, which integrate the inter-sector action organized to control tobacco use through cost-effective measures contemplated within the Framework Convention and which Legislation of backs at the national level. Bear in mind, also, that the youth should not be excluded from prevention strategies given the high publicity of tobacco products targeting this population in recent years.
In relation to protection from second-hand smoke, it was found the daily frequency of tobacco use in the home was five times higher than that reported by the Mexican GATS. Also, it must be considered that the control measures are only regulated in public places and not in homes, which presents a challenge in the development of prevention strategies from and for the home.